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This paper examines the moderating effect of employee reciprocity and trainee motivation on training effectiveness in Nigeria context. The 316 Non-academic and academic administrative staff of the Federal College of Education Kontagora and Niger State College of Education Minna completed the survey. The study employed partial Least Square Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) using Smart PLS3.00 soft ware. The result of the study in an indirect path confirms that employee reciprocity moderates the relationship between trainee motivations and training effectiveness. The statistical findings from the study also found that in a direct path, trainee motivation was positively related to training effectiveness and furthermore, employee reciprocity was also significantly related with training effectiveness. This, study recommends that management/employers of the institutions being study should pay attention to the variables under study to recoup the effectiveness of their training investments on employees. This study concludes that motivation is a critical factor that nurtured employee reciprocity to enhance employee commitment towards the actualization of organizational training effectiveness. This study discusses the practical implications of the study and suggestions further studies.

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